(Shevlin, 2021) introduces the concept of a psychological moral patient. Something is a psychological moral patient if and only if it matters because of its own sake, because it possesses certain psychological characteristics, such as sentience, consciousness, or autonomy.
Source: Shevlin, H. (2021) ‘How Could We Know When a Robot was a Moral Patient?’, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 30(3), pp. 459–471. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0963180120001012.
Links: What is moral status?